8 Mac Settings You Should Change Right Now



How to Customize Your Mac Using the Terminal

Two Parts:

This wikiHow teaches you how to customize your Mac computer using Terminal commands. Terminal is a command prompt program that comes on every Mac computer and allows users to input detailed commands to customize the way the operating system behaves. With the right commands, you can customize your computer in more ways than is possible using the regular System Preferences menu.

Steps

Opening the Terminal

  1. Click Spotlight .It's in the top-right of the screen on the top menu bar. This opens a search bar in the middle of the screen.
  2. Type interminaland pressReturn.This searches for and opens a new Terminal window. You can also open Terminal using the Finder:
    • ClickFinder.
    • ClickApplications.
    • ClickUtilities.
    • Double-clickTerminal.

Using Terminal Commands

  1. Add a message to your login screen.You can add a message to your login screen by typing:
    defaultswriteLibraryPreferencescom.apple.loginwindow LoginwindowText"If this laptop is lost, please call 555-555-5555. Cash reward."
    then pressReturn. Replace the message in the quotation marks with a message of your own. This will display this text in your login screen at startup.
  2. Add blank spaces to your dock.You can add blank spaces to the application dock by typing:
    defaultswritecom.apple.dock persistent-apps-array-add'{"tile-type"="spacer-tile";}' killallDock

    and pressReturn. This will add a blank space to the dock each time you enter this command. You can click and drag the space to move it around in the dock, creating a divider for organization.

    • If you're prompted to enter your password, type your password and pressReturn.
    • To delete a blank space from the dock, simply drag the space out of the dock until it says "Remove" then let it go.
  3. Prevent your Mac from going to sleep.To prevent your Mac from going to sleep, simply type:
    caffeinate

    and pressReturn. This will keep the Mac from going to sleep or logging you out from inactivity.

    • To allow the Mac to sleep again, pressControl+Cinto Terminal to end the "caffeinate" task.
  4. Hide a Folder.If you created a folder on your desktop called "HiddenFolder", and your Mac username was "Steve", you could hide that folder by typing:
    chflags hidden"/Users/Steve/Desktop/HiddenFolder"

    and pressReturn. Replace "Steve" with your own username and replace "HiddenFolder" with your folder's name.

    • You can also just typechflags hiddenthen drag and drop your folder directly  into the Terminal window, then pressReturn.
    • On the Desktop or in any Finder window, you can toggle between showing and not-showing hidden files by pressingCommand+Shift+..
  5. Unhide a folder.To unhide the same folder in the previous step, you would type:
    chflags nohidden"/Users/Steve/Desktop/HiddenFolder"
    and pressReturn. This will make the folder a normal folder that is always shown.
  6. Change the location of your screenshots.By default, screenshots are saved directly on the Desktop. So if you wanted the screenshots to be saved in a folder on the Desktop called "Screenshots" you would type:
    defaultswritecom.apple.screencapture location"/Users/Steve/Desktop/Screenshots" killallSystemUIServer

    then pressReturn. Replace "Steve" with your own username and replace "Screenshots" with the folder name you created.

    • You'll need to create the folder first for this will work properly , otherwise the screenshots will end up on the desktop by default.
  7. Add a recent or favorite items stack to the dock.You can add a recent or favorite items stack that you can customize in your dock by typing:
    defaultswritecom.apple.dock persistent-others-array-add'{ "tile-data" = { "list-type" = 1; }; "tile-type"="recents-tile"; }';killallDock

    and pressReturn. The new stack will appear next to the trash can. You can then right-click (Control+click) to change the stack to be recent applications, documents, servers, or even favorite volumes or items.

    • To remove the stack from the dock, right-click (Control+click) and select "Remove from Dock".
  8. Disable the Dashboard completely.If you don't use the dashboard on your Mac and don't want it to use of any system resources, you can turn it off entirely by typing:
    defaultswritecom.apple.dashboard mcx-disabled-boolean;killallDock

    and pressReturn.

    • To re-enable the Dashboard, you can repeat the same command but change the "yes" to "no".

Community Q&A

Search
  • Question
    How do I delete an IP address and a Mac address?
    Christian Moore
    Community Answer
    Unfortunately, it is not possible to delete your IP address. Your MAC address cannot be deleted either. However, your local IP address does change over time.
    Thanks!
Unanswered Questions
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Date: 14.12.2018, 15:04 / Views: 74565